What is BPE?
Benign prostatic enlargement, or BPE, is the medical term for an enlarged prostate, a condition that is common in men over 50. In BPE, the enlarged prostate can block the flow of urine and cause changes to how your bladder stores urine.
Urine, or pee, is often called a waste product. This is because it is produced by the kidneys, which are responsible for filtering toxins from the blood.
Prostate at normal size
An enlarged prostate
Symptoms of BPE
BPE can result in a range of symptoms including:
- A delay in starting and/or finishing urinating
- Having to strain to urinate
- A weak stream of urine
- Stopping and starting while urinating
- Spraying urine while going to the toilet, or the urinary stream splitting
- The feeling that you cannot fully empty your bladder
- Needing to urinate more often than is normal and/or more urgently
- Waking up at night to urinate
- Finding it difficult to hold or control your bladder
- Accidentally leaking urine (urinary incontinence)
In some men, the symptoms are mild and do not need treatment. In others, they can be troublesome and can benefit from treatment.